Electric Shock: First Aid & Separating The Victim From The Electric Source
Electric shock can range from a little jerk to a fatal ending. Even your home is a potential place for an electric shock, specially for babies, hence the child proof electric sockets. But there are times when someone might get a major electric shock from a high voltage source such as an uncovered live wire carrying current. It is extremely important to know what to do next if someone is a victim of such a situation and more importantly keeping yourself safe too while saving the other person.
Below are the steps to separate a victim from the electrical source and then provide first aid:
Turn off the power
- Separate the patient from the electric shock source by unplugging the electric appliance, only if the plug of the electric appliance is not damaged.
- Shut off the complete power supply, probably from an outside switch or a fuse box
If power can not be turned off
- You should stand on something dry and non-conductive to electricity, such as dry wooden board or newspapers.
- Now separate the patient from the electric source using a non-conductive object made of rubber, wooden, or plastic.
- When high voltage lines are involved, do not try to separate the patient from the electric source if there is a feeling of tingling sensation in your legs or lower body. If you feel it, then immediately hop on one foot to a place that is safe from the electric current.
- Check if there has been a power line fallen on a car, then instruct the passengers to stay inside the car unless there is a threat of explosion or fire.
- If patient is not breathing or does not have a pulse, perform CPR. But make sure you are safe to touch the patient and you do not get the electric shock
Check the patient for other injuries
- Apply pressure if the patient is bleeding and if it’s in the arm or the leg then elevate the wound.
- Check for the fractures if the electric shock made the patient fall.
- Check the patient for any kind of burns, and if there are then do give the first aid for burns too.
Important – Immediately contact the nearest hospital and seek medical help if the condition is life threatening.
Please Note – This tutorial does not substitute a formal training in Basic Life Saving Procedures or First Aid Procedures given by a licensed practitioner.
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