First Aid Steps To Prevent Further Injury Of A Painful Dislocated Bone
Dislocation is a medical condition that occurs at the joint where two bones meet. The bones when disjointed are not in their normal anatomical position and that join is called as a dislocated joint. It may also happen that the very bone is broken and thus it is rather difficult to know if the condition is a dislocation or a broken bone. Although both are serious medical emergencies and require first aid with medical help. The most common cause for a dislocation to occur is a sudden impact to the joint after the body or the joint specifically receives an external force such as a blow, a fall or any other trauma.
Follow the steps below to give first aid for a dislocation:
- Immobilise the person and do not try to move him or her to avoid further injury.
- Stop or prevent the bleeding, if any, by applying pressure on to the bleeding wound. Always use a fresh and sterile bandage, or a clean cloth.
- Never attempt to realign the bone or even pushing a bone back in that might be sticking out.
- If there are any open wounds on the injured body part, then cover them to prevent getting them infected.
- Apply ice packs, but the ice should not be applied directly to the skin. Wrap the ice in a clean cloth or towel, as it shall help to decrease the swelling and relieve pain.
- Splint the injured part by immobilising the the body part of which the joint has been injured, for e.g., in a shoulder dislocation the arm should be immobilised by making a sling to hang around the neck and the forearm resting on it.
Remember that splinting the injured part helps in reducing the pain and prevents any further injury or damage to the muscles, nerves, and blood vessels. This will also prevent to worsen a closed fracture by not further injuring it and making it an open fracture. Splinting greatly reduces bleeding and swelling.
Signs of a dislocation:
- Feeling of numbness or tingling, specially at the joint.
- Extreme pain while putting weight on that joint
- Swelling and/or bruises
- Restricted movement
- The bone or bones are visually out of place such as protruding out of the body.
Important – Immediately contact for medical help and try to reach the nearest hospital if the condition is life threatening.
Please Note – This tutorial does not substitute a formal training in Basic Life Saving Procedures or First Aid Procedures given by a licensed practitioner.
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