PCOS Symptoms: Dr. Vaishnavi Talks About Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/PCOD
PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a medical condition that largely affects the young adults of the female population.
In this video Dr. Vaishnavi K V, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist explains about the PCOS symptoms and the possible signs of the disease.
Irregular Mensural Cycles: One Of The Most Common PCOS Symptoms
It must be emphasised that PCOS is a spectrum disorder and manifests differently in different woman. Mostly women who visit the doctor have an health issue in which they have irregular mensural cycles. Often the irregularity are the delayed mensural cycles but it can also be absent or very frequent mensural cycles.
Owing to this irregularity the body will release an egg from the ovary very infrequently or not at all. This may lead to having a difficulty to conceive and thus requiring some kind of treatment to get pregnant.
Also, the women who have delayed cycles with heavy bleeding for many years or months are at the risk of getting uterine cancer or pre-cancer. The exact duration or a time-lapse which may result in the cancer is never specified as this typically varies from patient to patient.
Excessive Male Hormone
Some patients may show signs of increased level of male hormone. These signs are physically visible or manifested as excessively oily skin, male pattern of hair growth, male pattern of hair loss, or as excessive pimples. Patients may also develop dark, velvety patches of skin on the back of the neck, in the armpits or in the groin. This is called as Acanthosis Nigricans and is a feature of insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia.
Related Medical Conditions
A high number of women having PCOS are also over-weight and obese. This generally leads them to suffer from other components of the metabolic syndrome. Typically the related medical conditions can be high blood sugar or diabetes, high blood pressure, and dyslipidemia (an abnormality of cholesterol or triglyceride levels in the body).
Further, depending on how much over-weight or obese a patient has been, they could also develop sleep apnea syndrome. In this syndrome there are pauses in breathing during sleep due to which there is decreased oxygenation intermittently. This leads to cardio-vascular problems in the long term, and day time sleepiness with decreased work efficiency in the short term.
All these day-to-day health issues can lead many women suffering from PCOS to severe psychosexual and psychosocial problems. These problems then manifest as eating disorders, anxiety, depression, mood swings, and social withdrawals.
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