fbpx
Motherhood Hospital, Navi Mumbai

Motherhood Hospital, Navi Mumbai

Premature labour and delivery complications

Dr. Prathima Thamke, Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist

Premature labour or preterm labour is when the mother’s body starts getting ready for birth early on in pregnancy. Preterm delivery is delivery more than 3 week before given delivery date. More the premature, more are the risk for babies. Smoking, being overweight or underweight before pregnancy, bad prenatal care, drinking alcohol and using drugs during pregnancy, health conditions like high blood pressure and so on can cause premature labour. Premature birth causes complications like jaundice in premature babies, complications in kidney, heart & brain, breathing issues, and some long-term complications like cerebral palsy, issues in vision, hearing, dental issues and behaviour and so on.

Motherhood Hospital, Bangalore

Motherhood Hospital, Bangalore

Best Practices for pumping breast milk

Dr. Aruna Savur, Consultant Paediatrician and Lactation Expert

Babies are meant to be breastfed. Normally babies learn the basic movements needed to be breastfeed in the womb (like thumb sucking, rolling, crawling). These movements ensure the babies natural birth and the intuition to crawl to a mother’s breast to feed. However, in some cases, breast pumps are a necessity due to various reasons including premature delivery, separation from baby for medical or surgical reasons, need to increase milk volume, need to induce milk production etc. Breast pumps play a stellar role in these cases. Pumping is effective when started within an hour of birth and on a regular schedule as advised. This ensures good breast milk production and ensures that the baby gets the right protection from the mother’s milk. There are different types of breast pumps available like, manual, electric, double, single, personal use, hospital grade, portable, wearable etc., The best person to go-to for advice is a lactation expert  who will explain which kind of pump would suit you best, pumping schedules to follow, sterilization and maintenance practices, storage guideline and how to feed the baby pumped milk. It can simply be said that sometimes a pump is a new mother’s breast friend.

Nova IVF Fertility, Mumbai

Nova IVF Fertility, Mumbai

Endometriosis treatment

Dr. Ritu Hinduja, Infertility Specialist

Endometriosis is diagnosed though pelvic exams, ultrasounds, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or Laparoscopy. This can be treated by pain medication, hormone therapy like hormonal contraceptives, gonadotrophin-releasing hormones (Gn-RH) agonists and antagonists, progestin therapy and aromatase inhibitors. Conservative surgery, fertility treatment, hysterectomy with the removal of ovaries are other possible treatment plans. Clinical trials, home remedies and alternative medicines might also be recommended. It is important to make a list of symptoms, the medicines or supplements being taken, have a family member accompany you during doctor visits, make note of every suggestions given by doctor and go prepared with questions to avoid having constant doubts later.

Motherhood Hospital, Bangalore

Motherhood Hospital, Bangalore

Postpartum exercises

Dr. Swathi Reddy, Consultant Physiotherapist

Postpartum exercises help mothers get back into shape quite easily if started early on. It also helps reduce the risk of postpartum depression. A few basic exercises like walking, deep belly breathing with abdominal contractions, head lifts, shoulder lifts and curl ups, kneeling pelvic tilts and Kegels should help ease new mothers into exercising regularly. New mothers can also do exercises with their babies like forward lunges, sideward lunges, and squats. These exercises must be done with the mother holding the infant close to her. Every pregnancy is different, and one must consult the doctor immediately if severe headaches, excessive bleeding, soreness, or unusual symptoms are experienced after exercising.

Motherhood Hospital, Indore

Motherhood Hospital, Indore

Nutritional growth requirements for a foetus

Dt. Roopshree Jaiswal, Consultant Nutritionist & Dietician

Folate and folic acids are extremely important nutrients for the baby. Leafy green vegetables, citrus fruits, and dried beans and peas are good sources of natural folate. A healthy intake of calcium via products like dairy products, fruit juices, broccoli and kale help build a stronger bone structure in the baby. Vitamin D from fish oils and juices like orange juice promote bone strength in the baby. A healthy portion of protein from lean meat, poultry, fish, and eggs. Intake of iron reduces the risk of anaemia in children and supplements as advised by the doctor will give the baby its required nutrients.

Nova IVF Fertility, Coimbatore

Nova IVF Fertility, Coimbatore

OHSS (Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome)

Dr. Latha V, Infertility specialist

OHSS is a complicating during assisted reproduction technique related treatments in a selected group of patients. The occurrence of OHSS is free on the administration of HCG (human chorionic gonadotrophin) in hyper responders. There are a large number of growing follicles with increased estradiol hormone value and fluid collection in the abdominal cavity leading to bloating and nausea. These women must be monitored continuously. They should take plenty of electrolytes rich fluids. The symptoms start appearing a few days after HCG and regress in 2 weeks unless pregnancy occurs.

Motherhood Hospital, Indore

Motherhood Hospital, Indore

Ideal nutrients for pregnant women

Dt. Alka Bharti, Nutritionist & Dietician

It’s always important to eat a balanced diet — and it’s even more important when you’re pregnant because what you eat is the main source of nutrients for your baby. However, many women don’t get enough iron, folate, calcium, vitamin D, or protein. So, when you are pregnant, it is important for you to increase the amounts of foods you eat with these nutrients. During pregnancy it is important to build a healthy diet plan that involves protein, vitamins and minerals, healthy types of fat, complex carbohydrates, fibers and fluids. Some extremely nutritious foods to include in maintaining a balanced diet are dairy products, probiotics, legumes, sweet potatoes, salmon, eggs, broccoli dark leafy greens, lean meat, berries, whole grains, avocados, dried fruit, fish liver oil and water. This does not mean one must completely avoid food with saturated fats. They can be indulged in however, moderation is important. So, pregnant women should try to eat a variety of foods from the basic food groups. If they do, they are likely to get all the nutrients they need for a healthy pregnancy.

Motherhood Hospital, Noida

Motherhood Hospital, Noida

Benefits of Breast Milk

Dr. Shilpi Srivastava, Lactation Expert & Physiotherapist

Breast milk is a mother’s natural way of providing the necessary nutrients and healthy enzymes for her newly born. Breastfeeding is not only beneficial for babies it is also extremely beneficial for new mothers. It provides infants immunity boosting nutrients, protects them from various allergies and eczema, it doesn’t cause abnormal bowel movements and is easy to digest unlike baby formulas, it reduces the risk of viruses, urinary tract infections, ear infections and respiratory infections, it makes vaccines more effective, it also protects infants from diseases like spinal meningitis, type 1 diabetes, and Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Above all it brings the baby closer to you, breastfeeding reassures new-born.

Nova IVF Fertility, Chennai

Nova IVF Fertility, Chennai

Egg Freezing: Time and oocytes wait for none

Dr. J Krithika Devi, Infertility Specialist

Eggs are created at birth for a woman, and it has been proven that the egg quality and quantity start to decrease significantly from the age of 35. Fertility is a race against time, and we cannot create news eggs via medications. If for any reason a woman chooses to postpone her pregnancy for social or medical reasons, there is an option known as Egg Freezing that is available. Egg freezing allows one to freeze a woman’s eggs in time and health, which can be used to get pregnant later. Egg freezing reduces anxiety regarding fertility issues and also provides the individual a longer period of time to find their right partner. Egg freezing can protect eggs from diseases and preserve them before any invasive medical treatment, it has especially proven helpful to women who suffer from cancer, endometriosis, or other illnesses that might affect their eggs, ovaries, or reproductive systems. Egg supply is limited, although women are born with a million eggs there are almost none left by the time, they reach menopause and freezing eggs is great way to help in having one’s own children even later in life.

Motherhood Hospital, Chennai

Motherhood Hospital, Chennai

Best practices to storing breast milk

Dr. Aarthi Priyadharshini, Physiotherapist & Lactation Expert

After using a breast pump, it is crucial to store the milk properly. It can be stored in refrigerators, deep freezers, insulated bags or even in room temperature (for a short period). It is important to store expressed milk in food grade glass containers or in plastic containers that is not made using chemical bisphenol A (BPA). Breastmilk must be store in small amounts, depending on the babies age and requirement. In room temperature it can be stored up to 6 hours or up to 5 days in a refrigerator (3 days for optimal use). Thaw frozen milk in the refrigerator for 12 hours at least before intended use.

Motherhood Hospital, Coimbatore

Motherhood Hospital, Coimbatore

Water birth advantages

Dr. Anuradha R, Maternal Foetal Medicine

This is an option that should be discussed with one’s doctor after being completely informed on the subject. A Water bath means at least part of your labour, delivery or both happen while you are in a birth pool filled with warm water. A warm bath might help you relax and help you feel more in control. Floating in water helps you move around more easily than in bed. There is a lesser need for pain relief as the pain threshold appears to somehow increase in this method. Water birth in a birthing pool and a dimmed room may feel more comfortable and private compared to a labour ward in the hospital. It should be done by an experienced person with proper infection control measures to avoid complications.

Motherhood Hospital, Bangalore

Motherhood Hospital, Bangalore

Childbirth – Best practices

Dr. Suhasini Inamdar, Obstetrician & Gynaecologist

Natural and safe pregnancies are very important in the life of every mother. It is important to let labour begin on its own. During labour a mother must move around and change positions throughout labour. It is very important to have a loved one, a family member or a friend during the entire process for continuous support. Interventions that are not medically necessary must be avoided. It is good to follow the body’s urge and push the baby out rather than giving birth on the back. It is very important to keep the mother and the baby together after childbirth. This will help them bond and assist in breastfeeding.

Noida

Noida

Aarohi Tyagi

Speciality:

Weight loss, Diabetes management, Therapeutic nutrition

Education:

M.Sc. Food and Nutrition

Experience:

10+ Years Experience

Nova IVF Fertility, Hyderabad

Nova IVF Fertility, Hyderabad

Donor eggs, best practices

Dr. Chandana Lakkireddi, Fertility Consultant

Egg donors are considered under few criteria like low ovarian reserve, female factor genetic disorders, congenital absence of ovaries, early menopause in women and repeated IVF failure. The success of any embryo and egg donation depends on the egg donor’s age, the morphology of the embryo and the thickness of the recipient’s uterus lining. The recipients of these donor eggs must have a uterus without severe malformations and in good health. Any woman below the age of 50 can get pregnant with egg donors if they have a strong and healthy uterus. Medication is given.

Mumbai

Mumbai

Kejal Shah

Speciality:

Nutritionist, Weight management expert, Sports nutrition expert

Education:

Certified diabetes educator, with a degree in weight management consultancy and specialisation in sports nutrition

Experience:

4+ Years Experience

Founder of Nutrivity.in

Motherhood Hospital, Chennai

Motherhood Hospital, Chennai

Managing early menopause

Dr. Deepa Thiagarajamurthy, Obstetrician & Gynaecologist

Menopause is common among women between the ages of (45-55. Early menopause is when women before the age of 40, stop or reduce menstruating. This can happen naturally or sometimes as the side effect of certain medication. The main treatment available for early menopause is Hormone replacement therapy or the combined contraceptive pill to make up for missing hormones. This type of hormonal treatment is not possible when the patient has undergone certain kinds of cancer treatment, like breast cancer. The consulting general practitioner can assist you by referring you to an appropriate specialist.

Motherhood Hospital, Bangalore

Motherhood Hospital, Bangalore

Managing with postpartum depression

Dr. Nusrat A H, Obstetrician & Gynaecologist

After childbirth mothers go through a variety of emotions from joy to fear to sadness. When the feelings of experiencing sadness is severe, it is termed as postpartum depression (PPD). The symptoms may develop from within a few weeks after delivery and up to 6 months afterward. They include mood swings, trouble bonding with the baby or difficulty in making decisions. To cope with stress, it is important to exercise when possible, maintain a healthy diet, make time for oneself, make time to rest, consume fish oil, examine breast feeding and resist isolation, family support.

Mumbai

Mumbai

Paramita Singh

Speciality:

Sports nutrition and yoga

Education:

Certified sports nutritionist & Diploma in yoga training

Experience:

1+ Years Experience

Works at – Parami Nutrition and Yoga

Nova IVF Fertility, Hyderabad

Nova IVF Fertility, Hyderabad

Assisted Hatching

Dr. Saroja Koppala, Fertility Consultant

A thick layer called the zona pellucida covers the egg and the early embryo. For an embryo to implant itself into the womb, it has to ‘hatch’ from inside the zona pellucida. Assisted hatching is said to help this process. In this process, acids, lasers or other tools are used to make a tiny hole in the zona pellucida, helping it to hatch. This procedure is said to encourage pregnancy and increase the live birth rate. These are treatment add-ons and not entirely necessary. A routine fertility treatment is good enough on its own to help result in pregnancy.  The National Institute of clinical excellence (NICE) declared that there were no absolute, proven results when it came to Assisted Hatching and that further research was required to determine its credibility. However specific patients who are struggling to get pregnant with normal treatments can opt for this method to reduce their chances of a miscarriage and increase live birth rate.

Nova IVF Fertility, Pune

Nova IVF Fertility, Pune

Ovarian reserve testing

Dr. Karishma Dafle, Infertility specialist

Infertility is caused by lack of production of good eggs, particularly as women age. Ovarian reserve refers to a woman’s remaining egg supply that will aid in producing babies. A woman’s fertility depends on the quality and quantity of eggs in her ovaries. When women are born their ovaries contain their entire life’s supply of eggs. These are continuously lost until the woman reaches menopause, at the point when the ovarian reserve is very low. In the absence of other factors pertaining to fertility the ovarian reserve is the most important to determine a women’s pregnancy potential. The main tests for ovarian reserve are follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), estradiol, anti-Müllerian hormone, and an ovarian antral follicle count.

Delhi | New York

Delhi | New York

Preety Tyagi

Speciality:

Nutritionist and Health coach – Gut health and Hormonal health

Education:

 Graduate from Institute of Integrative Nutrition, NewYork

Experience:

4+ Years Experience

Founder of My22BMI

Motherhood Hospital, Bangalore

Motherhood Hospital, Bangalore

Womb Environment

Dr. Kavya Krishnakumar, Obstetrician & Gynaecologist

The womb and the mother’s body are the most important for a growing baby. The need for plenty of sleep increases exponentially in the early stages of pregnancy as the body prepares itself to carry one more life. It is important to get in as much sleep as possible during the first two trimesters as there is a chance of physical discomfort during the third trimester, causing lack of sleep. A balanced diet is very important for a healthy pregnancy. One must eat plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits. Fish can be consumed but make sure to avoid those with high mercury content. Fish contains essential fatty acids that boost brain development.

Motherhood Hospital, Indore

Motherhood Hospital, Indore

Advantages of C-Section

Dr. Sonam Baxi, Obstetrician & Gynaecologist

A Caesarean is one of the safest options if there are concerns about the mother or the baby’s health. Although natural birth is the best way to go a C-section is recommended under certain circumstances. The procedure comes with several risks however it also has a few advantages. A planned C-section might reduce the risk of pain during and after birth, vaginal injuries, heavy bleeding after birth, urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse (womb, vagina, bowel, or bladder pushed against the walls of the vagina). Research have also found that a planned C-section reduces the risks of birth injuries like asphyxia, shoulder dystocia and fractures.

Nova IVF Fertility, Pune

Nova IVF Fertility, Pune

ICSI

Dr. Bharati Dhorepatil, IVF fertility specialist

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection is a process that is done to encourage pregnancy in women. Before fertilization the head of the sperm must get attached to the outside of the egg. The sperm then pushes through the outer layer into the inside of the egg where fertilisation occurs. In some cases, the outer layer is too thick or hard for the sperm to penetrate or in some cases the sperm may not be able to swim. In such instances ICSI or IVF procedures are implemented. This is an in-vitro fertilization procedure in which a single sperm cell is injected into the cytoplasm of the egg. This is a technique that is used to prepare the gametes in order to obtain the embryos that may be transferred to a maternal uterus, thus encouraging pregnancy.

Nova IVF Fertility, Mumbai

Nova IVF Fertility, Mumbai

Male tube blockage symptoms

Dr. Sulbha Arora, Clinical Director,

Male infertility can be caused by low sperm counts, motility or morphology. In some cases, there may be complete absence of sperms in the ejaculate (sperm count is zero), and this is called Azoospermia. Azoospermia may be obstructive or non-obstructive. In obstructive azoospermia, sperms are produced in the testes, but due to some blockage, they do not come out in the ejaculate. In non-obstructive cases, they are not produced in the testes at all, or produced in too low a quantity for it to be seen in the ejaculate. Blockages may be caused by infections or surgeries like hydrocele repair surgery, spermatocele repair, surgery for trauma, treatment for testicular torsion and vasectomy. In some cases, there is congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens from birth or undescended testes at birth causing azoospermia. A physical examination and some hormonal tests can help to differentiate between obstructive or non-obstructive azoospermia. A testicular biopsy provides confirmation of spermatogenesis. If sperms are found on the testicular biopsy, these may be used to fertilize the wife’s eggs via ICSI. In some cases, a surgical correction of the blockage is also an option, but this is preferred only in cases where the wife has a good ovarian reserve and no other factors preventing a natural conception.

Motherhood Hospital, Bangalore

Motherhood Hospital, Bangalore

Umbilical cord formation

Dr. Aarthi Bharat, Obstetrician & Gynaecologist

During pregnancy, the umbilical cord also known as navel string acts as a connection between the mother and the baby to supply the fetus with everything required. It allows the transfer of oxygen, nutrients and oxygen to the baby and helps in removing baby’s waste products. others necessary for the formation of the baby. The cord is formed in the 4th to 8th week of pregnancy when the body stalk, ductus omphalo-entericus and umbilical coelom are enveloped by the spreading amnion. The umbilical cord is a network of blood vessels consisting of two umbilical arteries and one umbilical vein. It attaches to the baby in its abdomen and in the placenta of the mother.

Nova IVF Fertility, Mumbai

Nova IVF Fertility, Mumbai

Managing HSG

Dr. Richa Jagtap, Clinical Director & Consultant

Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is an X-ray procedure generally done to evaluate of the uterus and fallopian tubes. It is generally used to see if the fallopian tubes are normal and patent. It can also show if the uterus is of the normal size and shape. HSG cannot be done for women who are suspected to be pregnant, have pelvic infection or experienced any uterine bleeding during the procedure. Severe problems after HSG are rare. If one experiences any symptoms like foul-smelling vaginal discharge, vomiting, fainting, severe abdominal cramps, vaginal bleeding, fever or chills, it is important to immediately consult the doctor. Other alternatives for HSG to check Fallopian tubes and uterus include Laparoscopy and Sonohysterography.

Mumbai

Mumbai

Dr. Ranjana Vilas Dhanu

Speciality:

Obstetrician Gynaecologist, Infertility Specialist, Endoscopic Surgeon and Robotic Surgeon

Education:

MD, DGO, DICOG, FICS

Experience:

23+ Years Experience

Works at – Hinduja Hospital, Khar ; Breach Candy Hospital ; Sunridges Hospital

Nova IVF Fertility, Bangalore

Nova IVF Fertility, Bangalore

IVF

Dr. Santosh Gupta, IVF Fertility Specialist

IVF means fertilization of eggs and sperm outside the human body. It is the method to treat the couple who are facing infertility either because of male partner or female partner. IVF is a process where eggs are removed from women’s body and fertilized outside in lab with husband sperm. They are placed in a glass dish in culture media drops which is specialized liquid media to nurture them. The fertilized egg now a zygote undergoes division to become embryo. Embryo is cultured for 3-6 days in lab in an incubator. After which best quality embryo is selected and re-posited back to women uterus with intention of establishing a successful pregnancy.

Nova IVF Fertility, Bangalore

Nova IVF Fertility, Bangalore

Fallopian tube blockage system

Dr. Apurva Satish Amarnath , IVF fertility specialist

The fallopian tubes connect the ovaries and the uterus and are important for the fertilization and early embryo development process. Common reasons for a blockage in the fallopian tubes is because of pelvic infections, scarring due to previous ectopic pregnancy or abdominal surgery, endometriosis and pelvic adhesions. Although one doesn’t really have any symptoms it can cause problems in conception leading to infertility. If the tubes are blocked by small amounts of scar tissue or flimsy adhesions and the tube is otherwise healthy, a laparoscopic surgery is an option to remove the blockage and open the tubes. If the tubes are extensively damaged, then surgical treatment is not an option, and assisted reproductive techniques such as IVF would be required for conception.

Nova IVF Fertility, Bangalore

Nova IVF Fertility, Bangalore

Sperm retrieval

Dr. Mahesh Koregol, IVF Fertility Specialist

Normally sperms can be collected naturally through ejaculation. However, surgical sperm retrieval is done for men who have little or no sperm in the semen or to men who can’t ejaculate. In these cases, the sperms are taken from other parts of the male reproductive tract like the epididymis or testis. This process is done using a procedure called percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA). If PESA fails, then a needle aspiration biopsy (NAB) or (TESA- Testicular sperm aspiration) is done. These procedures are generally done to aid in IVF or ICSI treatments that help couples tackling infertility issues.

Nova IVF Fertility, Mumbai

Nova IVF Fertility, Mumbai

Ovulation testing:

Dr. Sneha Sathe, Fertility Consultant

Ovulation tests are generally done to predict the days during which a woman is most likely to be fertile. Ovulation takes place about 14 days before the next expected period. For women with a regular 28-day cycle, ovulation is expected to happen around day 14. Ovulation testing can be done at home, the strips are designed to detect levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) in urine. To test one can either urinate directly onto the stick or collect urine in a cup and place the stick in it. Ovulation kits have two lines: One is the control line that signals the test is working properly the other line is the actual test line. This line will be lighter or darker depending on whether one is ovulating. A lighter line indicates low LH levels in the body while a darker line represents a higher level of LH, indicating that ovulation will happen soon and sexual relations during this time will improve the chances of conception.

Bangalore

Bangalore

Dr. Aviva Pinto Rodrigues

Speciality:

Consultant in Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine.

Education:

MD (OBG), Diploma in Reproductive Medicine (Germany)

Experience:

25+ Years Experience

Works at – Nova IVF

Nova IVF Fertility, Bangalore

Nova IVF Fertility, Bangalore

IUI

Dr. Pallavi Prasad, IVF Fertility Specialist

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a procedure to treat infertility through a type of artificial insemination. This method is usually done when it involves a sperm donor, unexplained infertility, endometriosis-related infertility, mild male factor infertility, cervical factor infertility, ovulatory factor infertility or semen allergy. Sperm that is washed and concentrated is directly placed in the uterus during the same time the ovaries release eggs to be fertilised. In this procedure, the sperm is expected to swim into the fallopian tube, fertilise the waiting egg and result in a normal pregnancy. Depending on the reasons, IUI can be co-ordinated with the normal cycle or with fertility medications.